Why Do We Need a Reproductive System?
In order to be able to continue the human species a woman’s body is designed in such a way as to make sure the whole process of making babies can take place in the a way that will eventually give rise to the birth of a healthy child.
To make this possible the female reproductive system must be able to:
- receive the male sex cell, or sperm into the woman’s body.
- ensure the sperm stay alive long enough to reach the female egg.
- guide the sperm in the right direction to the site of fertilization.
- safely house the female sex cell (ovum, plural is ova) until they are prepped for release from the ovary.
- provide the hormonal triggers that control when the egg is released.
- make sure the fertilized egg has a nourishing conducive environment for growth and maturation until it is fully grown.
- Actively encourage the removal of the child and a passageway for its delivery once the birth time is due.
Although both systems arise from the same common origin, while the male reproductive system is fashioned more as a delivery and release system the structure of the female reproductive system is designed for reception and nurturing.
To fulfil its function the reproductive organs in women are made up of internal and external structures. Following is a description of the reproductive organs in women of childbearing age.
The female reproductive system can be divided into two parts:
- External Female Sex Organs:
- The mons pubis
- The labia majora
- The labia minora
- The vestibule
- The clitoris
- Internal Female Sex Organs:
- The vagina
- The uterus
- The fallopian tubes
- The ovaries
Let’s take a closer look at each of them one by one.